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Bank Soal Toefl Dan Kunci Jawabanl


Bank Soal Toefl Dan Kunci Jawaban




Test of English as a Foreign Language atau tes TOEFL adalah tes yang bertujuan untuk mengukur kemampuan bahasa Inggris bagi bukan penutur asli. Tes TOEFL digunakan dalam bidang pendidikan, pekerjaan dan imigrasi. Ada dua format tes TOEFL yang umum digunakan, yaitu tes TOEFL iBT dan tes TOEFL ITP.


TOEFL iBT




TOEFL iBT singkatan dari Internet-Based Test. Seperti namanya, tes ini dilakukan melalui internet. TOEFL iBT mengukur empat keterampilan berbahasa Inggris, yaitu mendengarkan (listening), membaca (reading), menulis (writing), dan berbicara (speaking). Skor TOEFL iBT berkisar antara 0 hingga 120. Setiap keterampilan memiliki skor maksimal 30.


Download: https://t.co/CMwq042Mlg


Contoh Soal TOEFL iBT dan Kunci Jawaban




Berikut adalah contoh soal TOEFL iBT dan kunci jawaban untuk bagian listening dan reading. Soal-soal ini dikutip dari [English Academy].


Listening




Anda akan mendengarkan sebuah percakapan antara seorang mahasiswa dan seorang dosen. Setelah itu, anda akan menjawab tiga pertanyaan berdasarkan percakapan tersebut.




  • What is the main topic of the conversation?




  • A research paper



  • A class presentation



  • A group project



  • A final exam




  • What does the professor suggest the student do?




  • Change his topic



  • Narrow his focus



  • Use more sources



  • Write an outline




  • What does the student say about his classmates?




  • They are not helpful



  • They have different topics



  • They work well together



  • They disagree with him





Kunci jawaban:



  • B. A class presentation



  • B. Narrow his focus



  • C. They work well together




Reading




Anda akan membaca sebuah bacaan tentang sejarah komputer. Setelah itu, anda akan menjawab tiga pertanyaan berdasarkan bacaan tersebut.


The history of the modern computer begins with two separate technologiesautomated calculation and programmabilitybut no single device can be identified as the earliest computer, partly because of the inconsistent application of that term. Examples of early mechanical calculating devices include the abacus, the slide rule and arguably the astrolabe and the Antikythera mechanism (which dates from about 150100 BC). Hero of Alexandria (c. 1070 AD) built a mechanical theater which performed a play lasting 10 minutes and was operated by a complex system of ropes and drums that might be considered to be a means of deciding which parts of the mechanism performed which actions and when.[14] This is the essence of programmability. In the 13th century, Ramon Llull designed several logical machines for his Ars Magna. In the late 19th century, Charles Babbage, an English mechanical engineer and polymath, originated the concept of a programmable computer. Considered a "father of the computer",[15] he conceptualized and invented the first mechanical computer in the early 19th century. After working on his revolutionary difference engine, designed to aid in navigational calculations, in 1833 he realized that a much more general design, an Analytical Engine, was possible. The input of programs and data was to be provided to the machine via punched cards, a method being used at the time to direct mechanical looms such as the Jacquard loom. For output, the machine would have a printer, a curve plotter and a bell. The machine would also be able to punch numbers onto cards to be read in later. The Engine incorporated an arithmetic logic unit, control flow in the form of conditional branching and loops, and integrated memory, making it the first design for a general-purpose computer that could be described in modern terms as Turing-complete.[16][17] The machine was about a century ahead of its time. All the parts for his machine had to be made by hand this was a major problem for a device with thousands of parts. Eventually, the project was dissolved with the decision of the British Government to cease funding. Babbage's failure to complete the analytical engine can be chiefly attributed to political and financial difficulties as well as his desire to develop an increasingly sophisticated computer and to move ahead faster than anyone else could follow.[18] Nevertheless, his son, Henry Babbage, completed a simplified version of the analytical engine's computing unit (the mill) in 1888. He gave a successful demonstration of its use in computing tables in 1906.[19]



  • What is the main idea of the passage?




  • The history of the modern computer is traced back to two separate technologies.



  • The history of the modern computer is marked by several inventions and innovations.



  • The history of the modern computer begins with Charles Babbage and his difference engine.



  • The history of the modern computer is influenced by political and financial factors.




  • What does the author mean by "the essence of programmability" in paragraph 1?




  • The ability to perform different actions at different times



  • The ability to control which parts of the mechanism do what and when



  • The ability to operate a complex system of ropes and drums



  • The ability to perform a play lasting 10 minutes




  • What was one reason why Babbage failed to complete the analytical engine?




  • He lacked the necessary technical skills



  • He lost interest in his project



  • He faced political and financial difficulties



  • He had too many competitors




Kunci jawaban:



  • B. The history of the modern computer is marked by several inventions and innovations.



  • B. The ability to control which parts of the mechanism do what and when



  • C. He faced political and financial difficulties



Sumber: [English Academy]




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